Travel Info Cyprus

Cyprus

Cyprus is after Sicily and Sardinia the third biggest island in the Eastern Mediterranean. Geographically it belongs to Asia. Politically and culturally it is closer to Europe, though.

The island has been divided in 1974. The Southern part belongs to the Republic of Cyprus. Under international law the republic controls the entire island with the exception of the British military bases.

The considerably smaller Northern part belongs to the Republic of Turkey. Between the Southern and the Northern part of the island is the so-called “Green Mile”, a buffer zone separating the capital of Nikosia. It is supervised and administrated by the UN (United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus – UNIFICYP)-
Since May 1st, 2004 the Republic of Cyprus is a member of the European Union.

There are two mountain ranges at Cyprus: the rugged massif of Pentadaktylos with Mount Kyparissovouno (1.024m) in the Northeast and the volcanic massif of Troodos in the centre of the island with Mount Olympos (1.952m), the highest mountaintop in Cyprus. Between these tow mountain ranges extends the fertile plain of Mesaoria.

Position and Size

Cyprus is located in the Eastern Mediterranean South of Turkey and East of Crete.
The island is 225km long and about 90km wide.

Entry regulations / Visa

European citizens can enter Cyprus (the Republic of Cyprus and the Turkish Republic of Cyprus) with a passport, a temporary passport, an ID card or a temporary ID card. All identification documents must still be valid when leaving the country.
Children need their own passports or ID cards. As from 2012, children cannot travel on their parent’s passport anymore.

Entering the country through a seaport or airport in the North of the island is illegal, but it is not prosecuted anymore since Cyprus’ accession to the EU in 2004.

Important:
EU citizens can move feely on the island. But moving from the Northern to the Southern part of the island is only possible with a valid passport or ID card and only at specific checkpoints. Passport controls take place in both directions and it is therefore important to always have your passport or ID card with you.

Getting There

The most comfortable way to get to Cyprus is by airplane. The main airports are at Larnaka and Paphos.

The flight time from Germany to Cyprus is about 3.5 hours.

Money / Currency / Credit Cards

The national currency is the Euro (€). Money can be changed at the airport, banks or hotels.

Credit cards, e.g. Visa and MasterCard, can be used at most hotels, shops and restaurants. Banks and cash machines are also available in the touristic places.

Language

In Cyprus Greek (South Cyprus) and Turkish (North Cyprus) is spoken. But English is widely spoken as well.

Health

At present no inoculations are required to travel to Cyprus. But it is always advisable to check if your standard immunisations are up-to-date.

Insurance

We recommend that all travellers take out insurance to cover cancellation, lost or stolen luggage and medical or hospital costs. Divers are advised to join DAN or a similar organisation.

Time Difference

Cyprus uses the Eastern European Time (EET). Visitors from central Europe have to reset their clocks (CET + 1).

Climate / Weather

The climate in Cyprus is hot and dry in summer and it is not uncommon that temperatures rise above 40°C (104°F). At night, air temperatures drop to 21°C (70°F) to 26°C (80°F). It is hardly raining during the summer season. With temperatures between 5°C (41°F) and 15°C (59°F) winters are not very cold. Since there is even snowfall in the mountains, skiing is often possible during the months of January and February.

Water temperatures

Water temperatures are between 17°C (63°F) and 21°C (70°F) from March until May, around 30°C (86°F) in summer and between 20°C (68°F) and 22°C (72°F) in autumn/winter. We recommend a 5mm wetsuit or semi-dry suit. In March a hood is nice to have, too.

Electricity

With 220 Volt, power supplies correspond to European standards. An international adapter is necessary for 2-pin-plugs.

Food and Beverage

The Cypriote cuisine is a combination of Turkish and Greek influences including a lot of fresh fish. Haloumi (sheep’s milk cheese) is a specialty in Cyprus. You will find typical taverns everywhere in the Republic of Cyprus. “Mezze”, a surprise menu including several courses with everything that is available, is to be recommended.

Telephone

The international dialling code for Cyprus is +357. Mobile networks are working in nearly all locations.

Habits and Customs

When visiting monasteries, churches and mosques, you have to wear clothes covering knees, belly and shoulders. Appropriate attire is checked often.

Flora and Fauna

Cyprus is the most forested Mediterranean island. In Troodos (a Cypriote forest) oak trees, pines and cedars can be found amongst others. The diversity of flowers and plants is enormous and more than 1.800 different flowering plants are known. In springtime different species of anemones, daffodils, flags, sword lilies and orchids are blooming. Some of the island’s beaches are known as ovoposition sites of turtles. These beaches are closed off during the season of ovopositon in order to ensure the reproduction of these animals. Underwater you cannot only find the fish species that are typical for the Mediterranean, but also quite a few species from the Red Sea that move through the Suez Canal.

Accommodation

The hotel Divine Coast is in direct vicinity of Aldiana Cyprus. It is about 5km away from our diving centre. In addition, there is the possibility to rent rooms in the villages of Mazotos, Alaminos or Anfotida (all three of them being about 10km away). We are happy to organize transfers from there for our divers.
 

Wichtige Adressen

Botschaft der Republik Zypern
Wallstrasse 27
10179 Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 308 68 30
Fax.: +49 30 275 914

Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
10 Nikitaras Street
1080 Nikosia
Tel.:
Fax.: +357 22 66 56 94